Good. You have the VBA GUI. As long as you know that the ip number is not changing you can edit that "network screen" by ticking static option and you should not have any problems down the road with changing ip numbers. You really need the rest of those entries; especially, the next 2 below ip address. Your 192.168.1.8 number goes in the top box after you tick static. You can leave this alone for now as it appears you are having no problems getting to your VBA GUI. Who set up your Verizon router and network?
That network configuration screen can be left alone for now but needs to be fixed sooner rather than later. A call to Verizon or your ISP provider is a key into opening your router admin/web pages and access to those numbers on the network configuration screen. I do not know if that router page is password protected and that may be another question for Verizon.
You may be able to pick up the next couple of entries for that network configuration by going into the "control Panel" again and going to the "Network and Sharing" selection. Then hunt around for them numbers. Mine shows up under a view status selection under the private network. If you go in and out some of those selections, screens, and access buttons, you may run across the "Gateway" address and "Subnet mask" numbers that Windows 7 is picking up. Once you have that "gateway" number you can enter that number just like you did with your "ip" number in the WIN address bar and you'll get your router access pages.
Have to try and find in Windows where you hide network connections and devices to see if this is why you can't find your "stuff" in the "usual" places.
Your best bet to edit your "unknown" cd rips is to download "MP3Tag" here http://www.mp3tag.de/en/ Make sure you download the right one to your laptop for your operating system which sounds like Windows 7. There is a learning curve to use MP3Tag, but it is not bad and just takes some getting used to.
dBpoweramp may be an option for you too sometime.
Yes you can download songs and copy them over to vortexbox. This all takes some time to get used to so you have to be patient and willing to do the legwork and learning the ropes. I'm not sure whether you mean ripping cds to your laptop or actually downloading songs from a website on the internet?
You'll need to point your squeezebox LMS to the vortexbox. This is the 2nd icon on the VBA GUI. When you get the LMS screen there is a selection in the lower right corner of the screen called "settings." You can point to any number of spots for squeezebox to look for your music files. Enter in where it says "media folders" under the "basic settings" tab /storage/music/flac and make sure music is ticked.